The origins of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) belong to the Woman Movement - the suffrage era from the 1880s to World War I in which women challenged the prevailing moral, social and political order in Australia. Members of the WCTU were middle class women who came for the most part from the nonconformist churches. The WCTU's primary aim was to impose liquor trade restrictions if not its outright prohibition on Australian society. But with its combined focus on health, morality and polite behaviour invoking all of the regulatory power of churches, lawyers and doctors, the WCTU itself became a powerful force of moral, social and democratic reform. In the latter regard the WCTU tethered its early ambitions to the philosophical reforms elicidated by John Stuart Mill, in particular the extension of manhood suffrage, the right to participate fully in parliamentary elections, to women. There is little doubt that the WCTU was important to the victories of campaigns for woman suffrage though that importance varied from colony/state to colony/state. The WCTU was established in Tasmania in 1885. At its height it had 25 branches with over 400 members. This registration includes records of the Tasmanian State Office and regional branches of Queenborough, Devonport, New Town, New Norfolk, Branxholm, Launceston, Ulverstone, Hagley, and the North Eastern Union, and of the Young Woman's Christian Temperance Union, the Loyal Temperance Legion and the Women's Total Abstinence Band.